Cost Benefit Analysis of Organically Produced Crops Grown in in Dehradun and Udhamsingh Nagar by Ghayur Alam and Deepti Verma Centre For Sustainable Development Dehradun
Organic farming is highly relevant for Uttarakhand. Farmers in two of its districts (Dehradun and Udhamsingh Nagar) largely practise chemical intensive farming, characterized by high use of fertilizers and pesticides. This has caused serious damage to the soil, ground water and health. Organic farming provides a sustainable option, which can reduce the farmers' dependence on chemical inputs without affecting their income.
The rest of Uttarakhand is characterized by hilly and mountainous terrain. Much of this area is either unsuitable for farming or is covered by forest. A very small proportion of the hilly area is available for farming. For example in the Uttarakashi and Chamoli districts of the state it is only 4% and 5% respectively. The scarcity of cultivable land has resulted in small sized average landholdings in the state. , The per capita cultivable area is about 0.06 ha. This area has very limited irrigation facilities. For example, only about 5% of the cultivated area in the Pauri district is under irrigation. Most farmers in these areas practise traditional farming methods; the adoption of High Yield Varieties (HYVs) and use of chemical fertilizers is small.